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Livelihood interventions for the Bhil tribes in Nandurbar district of Maharashtra ?

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Anonymous 215

Consultant for Health and Nutrition, work forUN O

Normal user

17 Jul 2009, 19:32

Nandurbar district is the most backward and tribal district in state of Maharashtra (India), geographically half of the district is on the hills and habitation are scattered. There is no means of livelihood, which causes 65 to 75 % migrate every year (Gujarat) and because of this human development index are very critical. The IMR (close to 100 ) and Under five deaths are very much high (in Mansoon aprox. 2500 to 3000 death will take place in two blocks.) Malnutrition is a major problem among under six children as well as in adults in the community. it is very much important to address the economical inclusion which could solve some of the problems and will help in building the future of next generation in this region. it would be great if u could sugessest some of the livelihood option can be explore in this region.

Jeremy Shoham

Co-director of ENN

Forum moderator

20 Jul 2009, 09:17

Dear Dr Ganvir

It is difficult to answer your question without more background information on Nandurbar district. Nevertheless, there may be one or two avenues to explore in order to determine whether these may be suitable for the district. The high annual migration figure suggests that the population migrates seasonally and presumably returns with money. Markets must therefore be functioning. In which case it has to be asked whether there are options for establishing micro-credit schemes to help start up of small livelihoods projects/businesses and/ or provision of one off grants to help income generating activities. These types of activity would need to build on the skill set of the population otherwise extensive training may be needed. There are a number of examples of successful schemes. A useful resource is the ENN Special Supplement No 3- From food crisis to fair trade, livelihoods analysis, protection and support in emergencies. This can be downloaded from the ENN site. These types of cash transfer programme can be implemented by local NGOs with resources provided through international NGOs such as CARE. CARE have a successful history of implementing village saving and loans schemes to support livelihood development in a number of Title 11 and Child Survival programmes. Some of these experiences may be reviewed on the CARE webiste.

A broader approach to the problems of Nandurbar would involving assessment of basic causes of malnutrition and economic marginalisation. This may lead to identification of issues like land tenure, under-investment by government, environmental stress. This in turn takes you into the realm of advocacy. A number of international and national agencies have undertaken successful advocacy campaigns to address chronic problems of malnutrition and economic marginalisation. A shining example is CARE US's work in Peru which has led to eradication of malnutrition becoming a priority goal for the government.

This is a big subject but I hope these initial thoughts help in some way.

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