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What are the range of livelihoods interventions?

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Yunhee Kang

Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

Normal user

25 Jul 2010, 00:58

What are the range of livelihoods interventions? Are ;cash for work' and 'food for work' major interventions to deal with livelihoods? I am currently developing research issues in school, then wondering if there are any research or field programs regarding improvement of livelihoods through CMAM or micronutrient supplelmentations.

Sam Oluka

Nutritionist / Food Scientist

Normal user

26 Jul 2010, 10:50

Good morning Kang. Livelihood interventions in the context of CMAM (& my lay interpretation) is any activity that households engage in to generate income or earn a living to provide the necessary essentials, in this our case, good nutrition for the entire household.

Livelihood activities include farm (livestock, farming, fishing etc) & off farm (trading, carpentry, brick laying, charcoal burning, etc) activities. I would like to refer to farm Income Generating Activities (IGAs) I am more conversant with.

In IGA interventions in general, people within a community (geographical space)-who are likely to engage in similar livelihood strategies are facilitated to identify and prioritize which livelihood strategy is most cost effective to them. Then they are sensitized and mobilized to form groups to which seed fund (in terms of credit/loan) is provided. A small amount of money is deposited back centrally by the household on a monthly basis. The essence is to initiative and sustain income generation for the household. In the end, the initial capital may be recovered or used to integrate other components of the IGA intervention package.

Note that, vulnerable households are targeted and within the household, specific individuals are selected. In my experience, caretakers (specifically women) are best identified to run the CMAM-related IGAs though it is important to engage men (consider gender sensitization and roles).

Finally, a key component of the IGA intervention package is the need to integrate other core components such as health, care and nutrition education & training packages as per the UNICEF conceptual model. Rural participatory and appraisal approaches are handy in process set up. This is in addition to other packages such as collective bargaining and marketing, value addition etc

I am sorry I do not have the documents to accompany this mail but shall get them to you asap. In the mean time, you could search a classical example of successful IGAs in Ghana to on animal source foods (ASF) by the enhancement of child nutrition through animal source food management (ENAM) project-University of Ghana, Legon.

Best of luck and for more information, please contact me directly.
Samuel

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